Austin Fatheree, January 19 2022
This bounty gives the opportunity to
Prettier is an opinionated code formatter used by CICD, coding IDEs, and other tools to help make code easier to read.
We have some source material that may help you out. Forum users and current/past DFINITY employees have weighed in and worked on a similar system at points in the past.
The function you need to expose is likely here: https://github.com/dfinity/motoko/blob/d8e13023dfdc965907512432c0181c8d137d84ad/src/pipeline/pipeline.ml#L118(Thanks @PaulYoung). This will need to be converted to return an object instead of a filename, so you may have to do some oCaml or solicit the help of someone who does.
A few important comments:
I never used prettier before, but from a cursory look, this path feels a lot of work.
The general idea here is to be able to parse some input and then print it out exactly the same.
This is ultimately the approach taken in PureScript after wanting a formatting tool for a long time. The links below contain some good info on motivation and should provide some insight.
Perhaps a CST could be implemented using Tree Sitter via the OCaml bindings. That way, other languages can make use of it as well.
FWIW, the Motoko parser gives both full position info (in the AST nodes) as well as lexical comments and even white space (in the trivia table).
That said, it’s probably not a good idea to interface the compiler’s parser and AST. They are implementation details of the compiler, not public APIs. As such, they can change with any release, and have done so frequently in the past.
The Motoko grammar actually is deliberately simple (as can be witnessed by its semicolon rules :slight_smile: ), and the parser is generated with (ocaml)yacc. It would be quite straightforward to take the yacc grammar and convert it to C-yacc or another parser generator of your choosing.
Pretty-printing an AST is not difficult either. Moreover, Motoko’s syntax has been designed to allow reasonable simple formatting conventions (some of them codified in the style guide).
So, a dev proficient in OCaml could probably hack both up in a day or two.
However, as @chenyan pointed out, what’s hard is layout of non-AST elements like comments. That’s been what kept the Motoko team from providing a moformat so far. I’d estimate that being 90% of the actual work, and it has very little to do with parsing.
Another complication would be formatting of code fragments instead of just entire files. That’s something you’d want in an IDE. For that, you first need to recognise what kind of syntactic context you’re in.
Produce a Prettier Plug-in that formats motoko code using best practices.
Produce a prettier printer that outputs the code in a best-practices format. What are the best practices? You should work with the motoko community to decide these. We’d recommend using the forum post for this bounty to discuss what the formatting should look like.
Finally, create a UI canister that takes motoko code in one code editor window and renders it in a mirrored window with the prettier formatter applied to it. We suggest using the same monaco editor that Motoko Playground uses as you may be able to find a good bit of helper code in the motoko playground repo.
The ICDevs.org developer’s advisors will propose a vote to award the bounty and the Developer Advisors will vote.
Please keep your ongoing code in a public repository(fork or branch is ok). Please provide regular (at least weekly) updates. Code commits count as updates if you link to your branch/fork from the bounty thread. We just need to be able to see that you are making progress.
The balance of the bounty will be paid out at completion.
Once you have finished, please alert the dev forum thread that you have completed work and where we can find that work. We will review and award the bounty reward if the terms have been met. If there is any coordination work(like a pull request) or additional documentation needed we will inform you of what is needed before we can award the reward.
If you cease work on the bounty for a prolonged(at the Developer Advisory Board’s discretion) or if the quality of work degrades to the point that we think someone else should be working on the bounty we may re-award it. We will be transparent about this and try to work with you to push through and complete the project, but sometimes, it may be necessary to move on or to augment your contribution with another resource which would result in a split bounty.
The bounty was generously funded by the DFINITY Foundation. If you would like to turbocharge this bounty you can seed additional donations of ICP to cef4cdc0622fce89a97520eb8a1db71c9e44d737334fb4a8e3ba4b02cc0fa94c. ICDevs will match the bounty 5:1 for the first 20 ICP out of the DFINITY grant and then 0.25:1 after that. All donations will be tax deductible for US Citizens and Corporations. If you send a donation and need a donation receipt, please email the hash of your donation transaction, physical address, and name to [email protected] More information about how you can contribute can be found at our donations page.
The draft bounty is posted to the DFINITY developer’s forum for discussion
The developer advisor’s board will propose a bounty be ratified and a vote will take place to ratify the bounty. Until a bounty is ratified by the Dev it hasn’t been officially adopted. Please take this into consideration if you are considering starting early.
Developers can submit applications to the Dev Forum post. The council will consider these as they come in and propose a vote to award the bounty to one of the applicants. If you would like to apply anonymously you can send an email to austin at icdevs dot org or sending a PM on the dev forum.
A developer is currently working on this bounty, you are free to contribute, but any splitting of the award will need to be discussed with the currently assigned developer.
The Dev Council is reviewing the submission
The award has be been given and the bounty is closed.
DFINITY Foundation Grant: - $3750 USD of ICP at award date Anonymous - 2 ICP -> $250 USD of ICP at award date